Wheat has a long history of serving as an important food crop to mankind. Especially in the Northern Hemisphere, it has been appreciated as a major source of energy through its carbohydrates, and in more recent times for its supply of valuable proteins. This combination of carbohydrates and proteins gives wheat its unique properties for making breads of different kinds of tastes. During the course of history, the quality of wheat has improved stead ily, undoubtedly for a long time by accident, and for reasons little under stood. Over the last 150 years our knowledge has increased on farming and crop husbandry, on bringing about improvements through goal-oriented plant breeding, and on milling and baking technology, leading to the standards that we enjoy today. This process will certainly continue as our knowledge of the genetic reservoir of wheat species increases. The European Cereal Atlas Foundation (ECAF) maintains the aim of in creasing and disseminating knowledge about cereal crops. Within that scope ECAF has decided to publish a book on the history of bread wheat in Europe, the development of associated bread-making technology, and the breeding of bread wheats during the twentieth century. As ECAF is a Dutch foundation, its Board is particularly pleased to have found three Dutch scientists willing to contribute to this volume. Two of them have served wheat science in the Netherlands for their entire scientific careers, spanning a period starting around 1955 and lasting for several decades of very productive wheat science development.
The Beverage Manager's Guide to Wines, Beers and Spirits, Third Edition, navigates the reader through an intriguing journey on the vast world of alcoholic beverages. The text serves as an authoritative guide intended to inspire those individuals pursuing or enhancing a career in the food and beverage industry; the book will be equally fascinating for the beverage enthusiast. Written in a lively and engaging literary style, that is both comprehensive and yet concise; exploring the essential management and service aspects of drink. Designed to be intellectually appealing, with stimulating photography while providing the necessary knowledge on building and sustaining a profitable beverage program. This read provides marvelous insights into the beverage industry by discovering the sometimes perplexing, yet enduring influence of wines, beers and spirits that have been inseparable from the evolution of civilization.